Find a good surface that is representative of the overall dip of the plane to measure. Determine the general direction of dip pouring fluid over the bedding plane to see which way it runs. In some cases it may be necessary to smooth out the variations on the surface by placing a notebook or clipboard on the bedding plane, making sure to avoid irregularity.
A form of rapid mass movement in which loose soil, rock and sometimes organic matter combine with water to form slurry that flows downslope. They have been informally and inappropriately called mudslides due to tha large quantity of fine material that they may be present in the flow.
The distribution of Hydrocarbons (HCs) within a basin depends on a number of factors notably the type of source material and the physicochemical history of the basin. Factors responsible for the distribution of HCs can be divided into two parts; syn and post accumulation factors depending on when they come to play.
Palaeontology in a broad sense is the study of the remains or traces of the activities of once living organisms called fossils which have been stored in rocks through natural processes. Palaeontology can generally be sub-divided into;
Micropaleontology, the study of macroscopic fossil such as dinosaurs, fossilized tree stumps etc.
Micropaleontology concerned with the study microscopic (micro) fossils. The term is sometime associated to the study of mineral walled microfossils such as foraminifera.
Remote sensing involves gathering data and information about the physical “world” by detecting and measuring signals composed of radiation, particles, and fields emanating from objects. This data are collected without direct contact with the object and can be used to identify and categorize objects of interest. Remote sensing has a variety of applications.
Heavy metal is any metallic chemical element that has a relatively high density and with high toxicity, even at low concentrations. Examples include: mercury (Hg), Cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), thallium (Tl), and lead (Pb) Cobalt (Co), Nickel (Ni), Antimony (An), Vanadium (V), Zinc (Zn), Platinum (Pt), Palladium (Pd), Rhodium.
Diamond which has its name from the Indian word “ADAMAS” meaning eternal is a high value commodity which price increase with size because big sized diamonds are rare and are worked easily. There exist many gemstones that have similar properties to diamond such as density and colour, hence making diamond difficult to identify properly. However, the hardness of diamond is unmatchable and constitutes its most distinctive property.
Element Copper (Cu) is a pinkish-orange colour element found in Group 11, Atomic Number 29, d-block, Mass 63.546 particularly useful in all aspects of electrical appliances. Geologically, copper occurs in Carbon bearing shale (Congo and Zambia), commonly as the copper porphyry deposit type as well as massive sulphides deposits.
Copper porphyry largely occurs in Chile with the biggest world deposit located in Chuquicamata. Other deposits include the Bingham (USA), Grasberg (Indonesia), Oyu Tolgio (Mongolia).